Celebrated as the second of the auspicious Deepavali days, Narkachaturdashi
originates from days of Lord Krishna. God Yama is also worshiped on this day
to get over the fear of demon Narakasura. Lamps with four wicks are lighted
at various places. People make an effigy of Narakasura, carry it to the
outskirts, and burn it. Later, they take bath and burst crackers. This is
the day of Narakasura's death and hence a celebration for all.
There are many popular stories associated with this day, but the most
widely accepted one is that of Satyabhama (Krishna's wife) and Narakasura.
Narakasur was a demon king, ruling Pragjothishyapur, a southern province in
the present day Nepal. He gained a boon from Brahma that he shall die only
in the hands of a woman. Armed with the boon, he became a cruel king.
Narakasura was infamous for his wicked ruling and high disregard for gods
Addicted to power, he defeated Lord Indra (king of gods) and stole the
earrings of Aditi (the heavenly mother goddess). Aditi was a relative of
Satyabhama. When she heard of the injustice being done to women in general
by Narakasura and his behaviour with Aditi, she was enraged. Satyabhama went
to ask Lord Krishna, permission to wage a war against Narakasura, Krishna
not only agreed, but also offered to drive her chariot in the Warfield.
On the day of the war, both the armies fought bravely and the war continued
for some time. Satyabhama fought Narakasura bravely, but she was no match to
his trained war wisdom. After some days, when Narakasura got a chance, he
took an aim at Krishna, hurting him lightly. Krishna fainted and made
Satyabhama furious. She doubled her attack on the demon king and killed him
finally. Her victory on Narakasura translated into freedom for all his
prisoners and honoring of Aditi.
To announce the death of Narakasura, Krishna smeared the demon's blood on
his forehead and returned the very next day along with Satyabhama to his
kingdom. On their arrival, preparations were made to cleanse Krishna of the
demon's blood. At dusk, the whole city was lit with lamps and fireworks were
displayed to rejoice in peace after the death of the demon king. Thus, came
Narakachathurthasi as a celebration of the death of the evil king.
Bahula Thrayodasi / Dhantheran
/ Kali Puja
| Divvela Panduga / Divili
| Deva Divali
| Karthigai Deepam
Bandi Chhor Diwas
| Varsha Pratipada/
Bali Padyam / Bali Pratipada
Yamadwitheya / Bhathru Dwithiya
| Bhathru Dwithiya
| Tulsi Vivah