Kali Pooja in Bengal
The much celebrated Kali Pooja of West Bengal coincides with the Diwali
Festival. Gusto and enthusiasm for Kali Puja in West Bengal is same as seen
for Diwali in rest of India. The only apparent difference one can see is
that while rest of India worships Goddess Lakshmi on this day, in West
Bengal Goddess Kali is the chief deity for the occasion.
About Goddess Kali
According to Hindu mythology Goddess Kali is the first of the ten
incarnations of Goddess Durga. Depicted with a fierce face and terrifying
look Goddess Kali is regarded as the more aggressive form of Goddess Durga.
The image of Kali usually shows her foot on Lord Shiva’s chest, a
severed head in one hand, her sword in the other and wearing a garland of
skulls. Kali is worshiped as the Mother Goddess who is known to destroy all
evil and is a fierce fighter for the cause of justice. Popular guises and
names for Goddess Kali include Shyama, Adya Ma, Tara Ma, Dakshina Kalika,
Chamundi, Shyama Kali and Bhadra Kali who is gentle.
When is Kali Pooja Celebrated?
Kali Pooja is celebrated on the Amavasya or the no moon night in the Hindu
month of Kartik (October/November). This date of Kali Pooja coincides with
Diwali, the North Indian New Year or the Festivals of Lights.
Legend Behind Kali Puja
According to legends once the demons named Shambhu and Nishambhu grew in
force and pose a challenge to Indra, King of Gods, and his Kingdom of
Heaven. Gods sought protection from Mahamaya Durga, the Goddess of Shakti or
Power. At this stage Goddess Kali was born from Durga's forehead as Kal Bhoi
Nashini to save heaven and earth from the growing cruelty of the demons.
After slaughtering the demons, Kali made a garland of their heads and wore
it around her neck. In the bloodbath, she lost control and started killing
anyone who came her way. There was chaos all around. To stop her, Lord Shiva
threw himself under her feet. Shocked at this sight, Kali stuck out her
tongue in astonishment, and put an end to her killing spree. The well-known
picture of Kali Ma shown with her tongue hanging out, actually depicts the
moment when she steps on Lord Shiva and repents.
That momentous day is celebrated ever since as Kali Pooja. Performing the
Puja with faith devotees seek protection against drought and war and
blessings of general happiness, health and prosperity. Kali Poojan is a
tantrik puja performed only at midnight on Amavasya.
Kali Puja Celebrations in West Bengal
Kali Puja is one of the major festival for people in West Bengal and they
celebrate the occasion with much gusto and enthusiasm. Just as people in
North India light lamps to honor Lakshmi Ma during Lakshmi Puja, people in
West Bengal celebrate Kali Puja by lighting lamps in honor of Goddess Kali.
Houses are decorated and elaborate Rangoli pattern are drawn in front of
houses and courtyard. Elaborate Kali Puja is carried out during the evening.
As Goddess Kali is regarded as the Goddess to be feared Bengalis leave no
stone unturned in carrying out a special Pooja for her. Through Puja people
seek happiness, prosperity and protection against hardships.