Diwali in Mauritius
Diwali is celebrated in honor of Goddess Lakshmi. In Mauritius, we
celebrate Diwali with honor great devotion. We cook sweets like kanawla,
gateau patate, tekwa, gulap jamoun and many other delicacies. At 6 pm we
illuminate the house with candles and diyas. We pray, offer flowers, sweet
and agarbathi. We also invite family and friends to add more joy to Diwali
celebrations. Diwali is a great festival to Mauritians!!
Leena Charitar in Vacoas, Mauritius
I remember when I was in class 1, I wrote an essay on Diwali. I scribbled ‘Diwali
is a festival of lights; people decorate their homes and exchange greetings……’
Well, Is it actually bringing light and happiness around? is it actually
sending positive vibes and blessings for happy and long life for the people
around us?? If we are honest the answer is ‘No’. For most of us
Diwali is just a synonym to a night full of crackers, noise and smoke. All
this is an amalgamation of gloom, darkness, despair, health problems,
environment degradation and murk. We scare the birds to death, shorten the
lives of children who are engaged in cracker factories, trouble the heart
and hospitalized patients, burn thousand of rupees to ashes in the name of
ceremonies. Do we have to pay such a heavy cost to buy a smile for
ourselves? It is nothing but a sadistic pleasure to have moments of joy in
exchange of mass havoc. After all Goddess Lakshmi does not want us to dispel
the darkness of amavasya in this way. Let us enjoy Diwali in its purest form
by lighting lamps, offering prayers and by making this world a better place
for you and for me and for the entire universe. Happy Diwali.
Deepavali - The Brightest Festival
Diwali, popularly called Deepavali in some parts of India, is a festival
which we all long for every year. The preparations for Deepavali start long
before the festival date.
First, the excitement for us would be the new dresses that are bought to be
worn for Deepavali. Since Deepavali is a festival for more than 2 days, we
have 2 or 3 new dresses. Apart from this all elders visiting us buy us
sweets and dresses also. Jeans, T shirts, Trousers and shirts were all
bought for me by my parents.
The other major excitement for Deepavali is the bursting of crackers and
fireworks. This year we burst lot of crackers. Earlier I used to be afraid
of crackers. Now I have got over the fear of bursting crackers. My parents
tell me that I have to be very careful while bursting. I followed their
advice and there was no fire accident also. Sparklers, Rockets, Ground
Chakkars and Flower pots were our favorites besides the Thousand thousand
The third rejoicing aspect of Deepavali is the eating of sweets. We visit
relatives and friends with sweets and snacks. They also visit us with sweets
and snacks. We seek their blessings on the festival day. Gulab jamun,
Laddoos, Halwas and Kaju cakes were my favorites.
My grandmother tells me that the victory of Good over Evil is the reason
for this celebration. She also says that the festival is to mark the return
of Rama to Ayodhya after his defeat of Ravana.
Lots of people also start new ventures on this day after performing Lakshmi
Puja. This is marked by lighting of lamps, candles and diyas by the women
folk in the family. The light and colour add to the celebrations.
In all, I can say that Deepavali is the brightest festival to be celebrated
in India. The delicious food associated with the feast makes us feel that
this festival must come more often in a year.
Diwali - A Five-Day-Long Festival
Diwali is the festival of lights which falls in the month of 'Ashwin'
according to Hindu calendar. 'Deepawali' in Hindi means a row of diyas.
Almost every house and street is decorated with lamps, and lights on the day
Diwali is a five day festival in India. Dhanteras is the first day of
Diwali. On this day people buy jewellery, silver and gold coins. On the
second day, Roop Chaudas people bath with uptan. On the third and the main
Diwali day idols of Ganesha and Lakshmi are worshiped (Lakshmi Puja). On
this day Kali Puja performed in Bengal. Skies are full of blooms of
crackers. The night of amavasya is transformed into Purnima by glory of
diyas. Fourth day is celebrated as new year according to Hindu calander.
Bhaiya dhuj which is celebrated on fifth day glorifies love between a
brother and a sister.
On the day of Diwali, Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after exile of 14 years.
People of Ayodhya welcomed him by lighting diyas. Let us all pledge to make
our country prosperous and let us come forward to establish Ramrajya in
"Sabh mil mangal gao re,
Sabh mil deep jalao re,
Avadh me Ram aaye hai...!"
Diwali is the most popular festival of North India. It is celebrated when
Lord Ram, Sita and Lakshman returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.
People of Ayodhya welcomed them with lighted oil lamps. That is why it is
called the 'Festival of Lights. Every year on the day of Diwali we celebrate
and pay respect to the Goddess Lakshmi. People also make mud houses in which
they keep the Goddess of Wealth and pray. Few days before Diwali we go to
buy crackers such as rockets, bombs, flower pots and sparklers etc.
We start our Diwali evening by praying. Next we decorate our house with
candles, thanking God for all he has given us. It looks beautiful when the
oil lamps twinkle together in all the houses. Then late at night we get
together and light the crackers. There is a lot of noise and air pollution.
Then we have a small party where we eat and enjoy.
I Like Diwali Very Much
Diwali is a ‘Festival of Lights’. Before Diwali, we clean our
houses, prepare various kinds of sweets and hang lanterns in our windows.
During Diwali we burn crackers, eat sweets and draw rangoli on our doorstep.
Diwali is the festival of Goddess Laxmi. We worship Goddess Laxmi on the
day called ‘Laxmi Poojan’ that comes in the period of Diwali. The
period of Diwali longs for 4-5 days. The last day of Diwali is called as
Bhaubij. On this day, brother gives a gift to his sister.
In short, Diwali is festival of excitement. According to me, this festival
should never end but anything that has started should meet its end. But,
this festival always ends happily. I like this festival very much.
India - Land of Festivals
India is a land of Festivals. Many festivals are celebrated here with great
pomp and show. Each festival has a religious or mythological significance
behind it. Diwali is one of them. It is the festival of lights. It is
celebrated for several days. It falls in the month of October or early
Diwali is celebrated by Hindus. It marks the victory of Rama over Ravana.
It is celebrated in honour of Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after
Fourteen Years of exile. Before it falls, people clean and whitewash their
houses. The toy and picture shops are rearranged. Sweets are brought and
distributed. Candles and crackers are sold briskly. It is a festival for
shopping. Laxmi pooja is performed. Shop-keepers perform pooja in their
shops as well as at home. People greet their relatives and friends with
sweets and crackers. Shops are lighted with colourful bulbs and attract huge
The evening is most interesting part of the day when houses are illuminated
with earthen lamps or candles. Children burst crackers. One hears the sound
of bursting bombs across the city. Every one looks happy. People worship the
goddess the wealth ‘Lakshmi’. They pray for health and wealth.
People start their new business from this day.
Diwali is considered the best festival all over India. It is called the
festival of lights. It gives a message of love, brotherhood and friendship.
The heart of every one should be illuminated with light.
Diwali - A Festival of Lights
...by Prateek Kedia
Diwali is known as the 'Festival of Lights'. It is a Hindu Festival. Diwali
is celebrated to mark the day when Lord Ram came to Ayodhya.
After 14 years of exile. Lord Ram went on an exile because his cruel
step-mother, Kaikayi wanted her own son Bharata to become king of Ayodhya.
Kaikayi forced King Dasharata to send Rama to forest for 14 years.
To celebrate Diwali we buy new clothes, firecrackers, sweets, etc. We also
meet our relatives and friends on Diwali. At dusk we do puja of Goddess
Lakshmi. We also give food, clothes, money and other useful things to the
poor. Some days before Diwali we burn statues of evil King Ravana. This is
because Lord Rama defeated him. Thus, Diwali is a festival which celebrates
victory of good over evil.
What I do on Diwali
On the 9th November it is Diwali. On Diwali I go to the temple to
celebrate. I usually have to be a vegetarian, because I go to the Alter and
offer different sweets and fruits . One sweet is called "Peira"
which is very fruity. We also take bananas, apples and grapes and many other
fruits. I dress in Indian clothes. When I go to the temple I sing and play
the harmoniam which is an Indian instrument. We light little lamps called
dias, and put at least three in each room. This is to invite Mother Lasoni,
the Goddess of Light into our house.
Lord Mahavira's Nirvana:
...by Privashti Singh
Among the Jain festivals, Diwali is one of the most important one. For on
this occasion we celebrate the Nirvana of Lord Mahavira who established the
dharma as we follow it.
Lord Mahavira was born as Vardhamana on Chaitra Shukla 13 in the Nata clan
at Khattiya-kundapura, near Vaishali. He obtained Kevala Gyana on Vishakha
Shukla 10 at the Jambhraka village on the banks of Rijukula river at the age
of 42. He initiated his shaashan (Jaina-shashana) on Shravana KrashNa 1 at
his first assembly at Rajgrah. After having preached the dharma for 30
years, he attained Nirvana at Pava, at the age of 71 years and 6 and half
The day of his Nirvana is is mentioned by many ancient authors.
TiloyapaNNatti mentions: kattiya-kiNhe chaudasipachchuse
saadiNaamanakkhatte, pavaae Nayariye ekko viresaro siddho.
In Uttara-puraaNa: kraShNa-kaartika-pakshasya chartudashyam nishaatyay,
Thus during the krashNa of kartika month, during the svati nakshatra, on
the night of the 14th (dawn of the amavasya), lord Mahavira became a Siddha.
Titthogali Painnaya gives the following gatha:
pancha ya maasaa pancha ya vaasa chhachcheva honti vaasasayaa |
pariNivvuassa-arihito to uppanno sago raya ||
The first line of it was quoted in Dhavalaa by Virasenacharya. Thus the
NirvaaNa of the lord occurred 605 years and 5 months before the Shaka king.
Kalpasutra mentions that the King Chetaka of Vaishali with several
confederate kings, had a great lightning of lights, since they said:
``since the light of intelligence (Vardhamana Mahavira) is gone,
let us make an illumination of the material matter''
The oldest use of
the word "Diwali/Dipavali" occurs in "Harivamsha-Purana"
written by Acharya Jinasena, composed in Shaka Samvat 705.
tatastuh lokah prativarsham-aadarat
prasiddha-deepalikaya-aatra bharate |
samudyatah poojayitum jineshvaram
jinendra-nirvana vibhuti-bhaktibhak ||
Thus people in Bharata every year celebrate famous "Dipalikaya",
to reverently worship the Jinendra on the occasion of his nirvana.
Diwali is not mentioned in Valmiki's Ramayana, Mahabharata, brahmanical
Puranas or in Tulsidas's Ram-charit-manas. The Vira-Nirvana era originated
on Oct. 15, 527 BCE. In 1997 the Vira-Nirvana Year 2524 will begin on
Diwali. The Vikrama Samvat in Gujarat starts from Diwali.
DIWALI-The unique festival of
...by Yashwant K. Malaiya
Diwali or 'Deepawali',as it is known as,is the festival of lights.It is
celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm and joy. The celebration of
Diwali finds its roots in the Hindu religion. On this day Lord Ram had
returned to his kingdom Ayodhya after demolishing the demon Ravan. The
people enlightened the whole city with diyas to welcome Lord Ram. It is thus
a festival to mark the victory of good over the evil. Diwali falls on
Amavasya that is a 'no moon night' and people enlighthen their houses to
conquer the darkness. It is a five day festival.
The first day is called Dhanteras - On this day people buy new utensils or
anything in gold or silver.
The second day is Choti Deepawali - On this day diyas are kept at any dark
corner of the house to symbolize that no evil can enter the house in the
The third day is Deepawali - People decorate their homes with diyas,candles
and decorative bulbs and lights. Laxmi Ganesh Pooja is performed and then
people light up crackers and enjoy themselves.Sweets and rich food is also
prepared at home to celebrate the festival.
The fourth day is Govardhan pooja on which the Govardhan pooja is performed
to celebrate the great deed of Lord Krishna who lifted 'Govardhan Parbat' on
a single finger and gave protection to the people from the heavy rains.
And the last day is Bhai dooj on which sisters put 'roli teeka' on their
brother's forehead and pray for their well being.
Deepawali is thus a unique light festival filled with joys and happiness!
...by Swastika Shrivastava