Dhanteras is also known as Yamadeepdaan and lamps are kept burning through
the night in reverential adoration to Yama - and prayers offered to him to
keep away death and despair. A very interesting story about this day is
attached to the sixteen year old son of King Hima. As per his horoscope he
was doomed to die by a snake-bite on the fourth day of his marriage.
On that fateful fourth day of his marriage his young wife did not allow him
to sleep. She laid all the ornaments and lots of gold and silver coins in a
big heap at the entrance of her husband's palatial room and lighted infinite
numbers of lamps all over the place. After all these, she went on telling
stories and singing songs so that her husband is not able to sleep.
When Yam, the god of Death arrived there appearing in form of a Serpent his
eyes got blinded by the dazzle of those brilliant lights and he could not
enter the Prince's chamber. So he climbed on top of the heap of the
ornaments and coins and sat there whole night listening to the melodious
songs. In the morning he quietly went away.
Thus the young wife saved her husband from the clutches of death. Since
then this day of Dhanteras came to be known as the day of "Yamadeepdaan"
and lamps are kept burning throughout the night in remembering Yam, the god
Thirteen lamps made of wheat flour and lit with oil are placed outside the
house, facing southwards (direction of Lord Yama), in the evening. A lamp is
never kept facing southwards except on this day. Then, reciting the
following mantra one should offer obeisance: "I offer these thirteen
lamps to the son (Lord Yama) of the Sun deity (Surya), so that He liberates
me from the clutches of death and bestows His blessings."
Bahula Thrayodasi / Dhantheran
/ Kali Puja
| Divvela Panduga / Divili
| Deva Divali
| Karthigai Deepam
Bandi Chhor Diwas
| Varsha Pratipada/
Bali Padyam / Bali Pratipada
Yamadwitheya / Bhathru Dwithiya
| Bhathru Dwithiya
| Tulsi Vivah